Antarctica is important because it has such a big effect on weather patterns, it helps us understand global climate change, and the ice holds one of the most detailed climate records in earth. In 1985, the hole discovered in the ozone layer above Antarctica revealed the damage done to the Earth’s atmosphere by man-made chemicals.
The Antarctic ice sheet is the largest single mass of ice on Earth. This ice reflects back about 80% of the sun’s radiation which helps regulate global temperatures. A few more facts about Antarctica can be found here.
The Antarctic is one of the most pristine marine environments on the planet and is home to nearly 10,000 highly adapted species including the adélie and emperor penguins, albatross, Antarctic petrels and great whales, colossal squid and Weddell seals.
We should have the sense to leave just one place alone
Sir Peter Scott, Founder of the WWF